Open Access in JAH
- Alcohol poses unique risks for youth with chronic medical conditions (YCMC) yet many drink. Preventive interventions targeting YCMC are scarce.
- Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) may impact future comorbidity and healthcare utilization among adolescents screening positive for substance use or mood problems.
- Pediatric specialty care provides an opportunity to screen for and address patient substance use; however, little is known about providers’ screening rates, their opinions regarding substance use harms, or the potential marijuana to be used as a medication.
- We described screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) results and assessed whether SBIRT is associated with positive changes in substance use, risky use, and educational/employment outcomes for youth in community-based settings that are not healthcare focused.