Open Access in JAH
- This article describes the selection of priority indicators for adolescent (10–19 years) health measurement proposed by the Global Action for Measurement of Adolescent health advisory group and partners, building on previous work identifying 33 core measurement areas and mapping 413 indicators across these areas.
- A host of recent initiatives relating to adolescent health have been accompanied by varying indicator recommendations, with little stakeholder coordination. We assessed currently included adolescent health–related indicators for their measurement focus, identified overlap across initiatives, and determined measurement gaps.
- This global survey of experts assessed the suitability of different health-related interventions for inclusion in school health services (SHSs) to inform development of the World Health Organization global guideline on SHSs.
- Schools have unmatched potential to provide health services to older children and adolescents. Nowadays, in virtually every country of the world, the great majority of school-age children and adolescents (5–19 years) attend school on approximately half of the days of the year. Global net primary and secondary school enrolment rates1 have increased substantially over recent decades; by 2020, they were estimated to have reached 89% and 66%, respectively [1,2]. In countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, children and adolescents are estimated to spend an average of 7,590 hours in the classroom over the 8–10 years that they are in primary and lower secondary school .
- Among the social determinants that affect the health and well-being of young people throughout the world, gender is a pivotal influence, with both subtle and overt, immediate as well as longer term influences on adolescent development, resources and opportunities, and ultimately, adolescent and adult health. Most societies are profoundly gendered; these gender roles and expectations affect nearly every aspect of life from infancy onward. They contribute to health disparities that are noted between genders across the life course and in every country throughout the world.