Open Access in JAH
Differences in Quality of Care of Family Planning Services Received by Age and Contraceptive Continuation Among Young Mothers in IndiaYouth face barriers that affect their use of family planning (FP) services, including low quality of care and provider bias. Although young women have the highest unmet need for FP in India, little is known about the effect of age on quality of care received. Additionally, although youth have higher contraceptive discontinuation than older women, the factors associated with continuation, including the effect of quality of care, are not well known. This study aims to assess differences in quality of care received by young mothers aged 15–24 and mothers aged 25–48, and to examine factors associated with modern contraceptive continuation 6 months after initiation among young mothers.
Adolescent and Youth Experiences With Contraceptive Self-Injection in Uganda: Results From the Uganda Self-Injection Best Practices ProjectWe used qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate the differing experiences of adolescents and adult women in the contraceptive self-injection program in primary care settings in Uganda. From these results, we assessed barriers to adolescent DMPA-SC self-injection access and continuation and provide recommendations to address them.
Reaching Adolescent Girls and Young Women With HIV Self-Testing and Contraception at Girl-Friendly Drug Shops: A Randomized Trial in TanzaniaWe hypothesized that an intervention designed to create girl-friendly drug shops would increase access to sexual and reproductive health products and services among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) (ages 15–24 years) in Tanzania.
On Campus HIV Self-Testing Distribution at Tertiary Level Colleges in Zimbabwe Increases Access to HIV Testing for YouthHIV self-testing allows youth to access testing outside of healthcare facilities. We investigated the feasibility of peer distribution of HIV self-testing (HIVST) kits to youth aged 16–24 years and examined the factors associated with testing off-site rather than at distribution points.
Trends and Disparities in Suicidality Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority/Two-Spirit Indigenous Adolescents in CanadaTo explore trends in sexual orientation group differences in suicidality among Indigenous adolescents and evaluate whether gaps between heterosexual and sexual minority/Two-Spirit adolescents have changed over time.
Stages of HPV Vaccine Hesitancy Among Guardians of Female Secondary School Students in ChinaFemale secondary school students are the primary recommended population for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. However, vaccine hesitancy may affect uptake. In this study, we assessed the vaccine hesitancy levels among the guardians of female secondary school students in China.
Comparing Substance Use and School-Based Stressors Among Black and Latinx Transgender Youth and Peers With Shared Minoritized IdentitiesThe aim of this study is to compare substance use and school-based stressors among Black and Latinx transgender youth (trans BLY), White transgender youth (trans WY), and Black and Latinx cisgender youth (cis BLY) and identify associations between substance use and stressors among trans BLY.
Years of Life Lost to Unintentional Drug Overdose Rapidly Rising in the Adolescent Population, 2016–2020Years of life lost (YLL) is an epidemiological estimate of premature death which provides increased weight to mortality at younger ages. This study aims to quantify the impact of overdose mortality in adolescents from 2016 to 2020 using YLL and document the role of illicitly manufactured fentanyl in rising overdose rates.
The Association of Adolescent Gender Performance and Adult Intimate Partner ViolenceA quarter of women and nearly 1 in 10 men in the United States have reported experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) that had lasting negative impacts at least once during their lifetime. To prevent IPV over the lifecourse, adolescence has been identified as an ideal period for healthy relationship education that addresses the various IPV risk factors. One of those risk factors is believing in traditional gender roles, but the behavioral aspect of gender performance has been understudied. This study explores the relationship between adolescent gender performance and adult IPV perpetration and victimization/survival.
First Adolescent Romantic and Sexual Experiences in Individuals With Differences of Sex Development/Intersex ConditionsAdolescence is an important period for sexual development, including sexual debut. The purpose of this study was to assess first romantic and sexual experiences and debut age in individuals with differences of sex development (DSD/intersex) and compare these with age-matched and gender-matched population control values.
Child and Adolescent Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results of the Three-Wave Longitudinal COPSY StudyThe German population-based longitudinal COVID-19 and Psychological Health study monitors changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and mental health of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic and identifies vulnerable groups.
Adolescent Reproductive Health Outcomes Among Mexican-Origin Women on Both Sides of the U.S.-Mexico BorderMuch reproductive health research on the Latina population overlooks heterogeneity by national origin, nativity, and age and also ignores how U.S.-based populations differ from those in “sending” nations. The purpose of this study is to describe a history of adolescent birth, age at first sex, and contraceptive use at first sex in the Mexican-origin population in both the United States and Mexico.
Violence Perpetration in Early Adolescence: A Study of Four Urban Communities WorldwideViolence perpetration is common among adolescents worldwide but existing research largely focuses on boys, older adolescents, and partner violence. Our study sought to identify individual, family, and neighborhood/peer factors associated with violence perpetration in a multinational sample of male and female young adolescents.
Cascades From Early Adolescent Impulsivity to Late Adolescent Antisocial Personality Disorder and Alcohol Use DisorderThe behavioral disinhibition model (BDM) posits that a liability toward impulsivity evident by early adolescence underlies the coemergence of antisocial behavior and alcohol use (i.e., problem behaviors) in early-adolescence to mid-adolescence, but that the subsequent development of these problem behaviors (rather than impulsivity itself) predicts the emergence of antisocial personality disorder (APD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) in late adolescence. The present study was designed to test these predictions of the BDM from early to late adolescence.
Gender Differences in Bullying Reflect Societal Gender Inequality: A Multilevel Study With Adolescents in 46 CountriesSocial patterns in bullying show consistent gender differences in adolescent perpetration and victimization with large cross-national variations. Previous research shows associations between societal gender inequality and gender differences in some violent behaviors in adolescents. Therefore, there is a need to go beyond individual associations and use a more social ecological perspective when examining gender differences in bullying behaviors. The aim of the present study was twofold: (1) to explore cross-national gender differences in bullying behaviors and (2) to examine whether national-level gender inequality relates to gender differences in adolescent bullying behaviors.
Priority Indicators for Adolescent Health Measurement – Recommendations From the Global Action for Measurement of Adolescent Health (GAMA) Advisory GroupThis article describes the selection of priority indicators for adolescent (10–19 years) health measurement proposed by the Global Action for Measurement of Adolescent health advisory group and partners, building on previous work identifying 33 core measurement areas and mapping 413 indicators across these areas.
Tracking Mental Wellbeing of Dutch Adolescents During the First Year of the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Longitudinal StudyAdolescents might be susceptible to the effects of the COVID-19 lockdown. We assessed changes in mental wellbeing throughout the first year of the pandemic and compared these with prepandemic levels.
Changes in Adolescent Mental and Somatic Health Complaints Throughout the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Three-Wave Prospective Longitudinal StudyMeasures taken to limit the spread of the COVID-19 may have had unintended consequences for the mental and somatic health of children and adolescents.
Attitude and Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine in Parents and Adolescents: A Nationwide SurveyCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are currently authorized for emergency use in adolescents aged 12–17 years; however, there is concern and uncertainty regarding the safety and necessity of COVID-19 vaccination. A survey was carried out to assess the attitudes and acceptance towards vaccination in adolescents.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Korean Adolescents' Mental Health and Lifestyle FactorsThe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused changes in the daily lives of Korean adolescents and affected their emotional well-being. This study compared lifestyle factors and the mental health status of adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.
A Multi-Country Study of Risk and Protective Factors for Emotional and Behavioral Problems Among Early AdolescentsEarly adolescence (ages 10–14) is a critical period for psychosocial development, but few studies have focused on risk and protective factors for emergent psychosocial challenges among youth living in low- and middle-income countries. This study explored the contribution of social environmental factors to patterns of emotional and behavioral problems among early adolescents across four low- and middle-income countries.
Multiple Impacts of Ethiopia’s Health Extension Program on Adolescent Health and Well-Being: A Quasi-Experimental Study 2002–2013Ethiopia has registered remarkable achievements in reaching global development goals, including reducing child marriage. Policymakers are keen to understand which investments have contributed to this. We evaluated the association between Ethiopia’s Health Extension Program (HEP) and 12 adolescent health and wellbeing outcomes.
Patterns in Receipt and Source of STI Testing Among Young People in the United States, 2013–2019Rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents and young adults (15–24) continue to increase. Limited national information exists about the frequency and source of STI testing among this population.
Males’ Awareness of Female and Male Contraception Methods, Information, Outreach, and Acquisition Locations in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, Nairobi, Kenya, and Lagos, NigeriaThe aim of this study is to describe modern female and male method awareness, information sources, outreach exposures, and acquisition source awareness among young men aged 15–24 by sexual behavior status in sub-Saharan Africa.
COVID-19 Experiences and Health-Related Implications: Results From a Mixed-Method Longitudinal Study of Urban Poor Adolescents in ShanghaiThis analysis aimed to investigate gender differences in adolescents’ concerns and the health implications of COVID-19.