Immigration & Health
- Racism and trauma have well-documented detrimental impacts on the long-term health of children, so it is unsurprising that the United States' recent xenophobic public policies and climate of racial tension is damaging the health of the country's largest population of minority youth, Latinos [1,2]. Since January 2017, the United States has seen widely publicized and debated changes in our immigration policy including restrictions targeting those from Muslim nations, plans to build a wall along the southern U.S.
- Latinos are the largest minority group in the United States, expected to make up 29% of the nation's population by 2060, but this growing population's access to health care is limited by disproportionate rates of uninsurance and underutilization of care [1–3]. Latinos are also the youngest racial-ethnic group in the country: 32% of Latinos are less than 18 years old, and 26% are Millennials, between 18 and 33 years old . The adolescents and young adults in this large and heterogeneous group face numerous disparities in their health outcomes, including higher rates of obesity and worse reproductive and mental health outcomes, when compared with white peers [5,6].
- Young immigrants without documentation who qualify for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program are eligible for temporary legal status but excluded from the Affordable Care Act's Medicaid expansion and Health Care Exchanges. Little is known about this population's health or access to care.