SAHM Position & Statement Papers
- Vaccination is considered one of the greatest public health achievements in the U.S. and the world, leading to the virtual eradication of poliomyelitis in North and South America, and of smallpox worldwide . To a large extent, the success of vaccination in this country is due to compulsory school vaccination laws, which have ensured widespread coverage and minimized vaccine-related health disparities [2–4]. Although these laws frequently have been challenged, U.S. courts have consistently upheld states’ authority to require vaccination .
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide, causing genital warts and nearly all cases of cervical cancer. On June 8, 2006, the Food and Drug Administration approved a three-dose HPV vaccine for use in females 9 to 26 years of age. The vaccine has been shown to be safe and effective in preventing infection with HPV types 16 and 18 (which cause approximately 70% of cervical cancers) as well as types 6 and 11 (which cause >90% of genital warts). As a prophylactic vaccine, it is most effective when administered before the onset of sexual activity.