Provider Use of Time Alone With Adolescents: Differences by Health ConcernTo examine associations between reports of sensitive health behaviors and the provision of time alone by a clinician during adolescent well visits.
Effectiveness of a Text Message Intervention to Reduce Texting While Driving Among Targeted Young Adults: A Randomized Controlled TrialThis randomized clinical trial tested the efficacy of a 6-week text message program to reduce texting while driving (TWD) for young adults.
Is Delayed Driving Licensure Associated With Emerging Adult Health, Education, and Employment?Driving licensure remains a major developmental milestone for adolescents as they become more independent to access important health, education, and employment opportunities. Today, more teens are delaying driving licensure than before. We investigated associations of delayed licensure with health, education, and employment 4 years after high school.
Prevalence of Depression Among Adolescents in the U.S. From 2009 to 2019: Analysis of Trends by Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and IncomeMajor depression is a leading cause of disability and represents a significant health concern for adolescents. Evidence of temporal trends in adolescent depression stratified by sociodemographic characteristics is needed.
The Opportunity to End Child Marriage Throughout the WorldWith this issue of the Journal, we bring readers our second supplement on child marriage. As was so clearly stated in our December 2021 supplement, “The Diversity and Complexity of Child Marriage,” child marriage is a global problem with a prevalence that is highly variable by region and country [1,2]. The supplement opens with an editorial from Das, Guedes, Molestane, and Svanemyr—the supplement’s guest editors—which brings additional clarity to our dialogue by defining the issue as Child, Early, and Forced Marriage and Unions (CEFMU) .
The Role of Empathy in Chinese Adolescents’ Preventive Health Behavior During COVID-19Preventive health behavior during COVID-19 protects not only oneself but also the welfare of others. However, little attention has been paid to prosocial motivation in adolescents, who are often viewed as selfish and egocentric. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore the role of empathy in adolescents’ preventive health behavior using longitudinal data.
Late Adolescent Predictors of Homelessness and Food Insecurity During Emerging AdulthoodEconomic instability is a significant and growing problem among emerging adults in the U.S. This study identifies adolescent factors across multiple levels of influence that predict homelessness and food insecurity 5 years later.
Stress Among Asian Youth During COVID-19: Moderation by Educational, Spiritual, and Cultural Sources of BelongingThe aim of this study is to examine levels of COVID-19 stress among Asian youth—compared to white youth—in a Canadian sample, and whether this stress is moderated by a sense of belonging derived from access to contextual (spiritual, cultural, educational) resources.
The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Number of Adolescents/Young Adults Seeking Eating Disorder-Related CareThe COVID-19 pandemic has led to the development and worsening of eating disorder (ED) symptoms in adolescents and young adults. In order to examine COVID-19-related trends in ED care-seeking at our institution.
Childhood Socioeconomic Status and Menarche: A Prospective StudyThe relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and menarche has implications for understanding social level influences on early life development and adult disease, including breast cancer, but remains ill defined. We report here results from the Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Program, which permitted a longitudinal study of age at menarche in relationship to childhood SES in a diverse cohort of 1,069 girls across three urban areas of the United States.
COVID-19 and Adolescent Mental Health in the United KingdomThis study examines the mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescents in the United Kingdom as well as social, demographic, and economic variations in the impact.
Findings From the Global Early Adolescent StudyThe Journal of Adolescent Health is fortunate to be publishing its second supplement on the Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS) with the findings from the second phase of this study. The GEAS focuses on developmental issues among adolescents aged 10–14 years in 15 high-, middle-, and low-income countries throughout the world. The first GEAS supplement, published in 2017, provided important insights into how gender norms, enforced and reenforced during adolescence, pave the way for inequities that impose long-term effects on young people's health and well-being .
Adolescents' and Young Adults' Ability to Self-Screen for Contraindications to Hormonal Contraception and the Role of Chronic IllnessMultiple states allow pharmacists to prescribe hormonal contraception but can have age restrictions. The study objective was to examine how age influences adolescents' and young adults' (AYAs) ability to self-report potential contraindications to hormonal contraception compared with physician reports (our “gold standard”).
Predictors and Patterns of Physical Activity From Transportation Among United States Youth, 2007-2016Physical activity is strongly associated with health benefits in youth, although wide disparities in physical activity persist across sex, race/ethnicity, and income. Active transportation is an important source of youth physical activity. We aimed to describe active transportation patterns for United States adolescents and young adults ages 12–25 years across sociodemographic and weight status characteristics.
Sexual Health Experiences Among High School Students With DisabilitiesThe purpose of this study was to investigate the sexual experiences of adolescents with and without disabilities.
National Study of Youth Opinions on Vaccination for COVID-19 in the U.S.This study aimed to understand the potential barriers and facilitators to COVID-19 vaccination among youth.
Unpacking Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Emotional Distress Among Adolescents During Witnessed Police StopsThis study aimed to investigate racial/ethnic disparities in emotional distress during witnessed police stops among a national sample of urban-born youth.
Assessing Barriers to Effective Coverage of Health Services for Adolescents in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Scoping ReviewUnderstanding barriers to health services, as experienced by adolescents, is important to expand effective and equitable coverage; however, there is limited discussion on methods for conducting barrier assessments and translating findings into action.
Priority Areas for Adolescent Health MeasurementWe establish priority areas for adolescent health measurement and identify current gaps, aiming to focus resources on the most relevant data to improve adolescent health.
A Group Randomized Trial Evaluating High School FLASH, a Comprehensive Sexual Health CurriculumTo evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based comprehensive sexual health curriculum (FLASH) on high-school students’ sexual behavior and related outcomes.
20 Years of the Evidence Base on What Works to Prevent Child Marriage: A Systematic ReviewThis review assesses evaluations published from 2000 to 2019 to shed light on what approaches work, especially at scale and sustainably, to prevent child marriage in low- and middle-income countries.
Sociodemographic Patterns of Exclusive, Dual, and Polytobacco Use Among U.S. High School Students: A Comparison of Three Nationally Representative SurveysThis study examines sociodemographic patterns of exclusive/dual/polytobacco use among U.S. high school students using multiple national surveys.
Primary Care for Transgender Adolescents and Young Adults in Rhode Island: An Analysis of the all Payers Claims DatabaseStructural stigma has shaped disparities across several domains of health for transgender relative to cisgender (nontransgender) adolescents in the United States. Research on transgender health has largely overlooked the role of preventive care, especially for adolescents.
“I Hate This”: A Qualitative Analysis of Adolescents' Self-Reported Challenges During the COVID-19 PandemicThe COVID-19 pandemic presents unique challenges for adolescents because of disruptions in school and social life. We compiled a diverse group (36.8% nonwhite or multiracial) of high schoolers' open-ended responses to the question: “What are your three biggest challenges right now?” (N = 719 adolescents).
Previsit Multidomain Psychosocial Screening Tools for Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic ReviewAdolescence and young adulthood constitute a period when exploratory behaviors can evolve into risky behaviors. Most causes of adolescent ill health are preventable; therefore, it is a priority to detect them early before they turn into health problems. Previsit multidomain psychosocial screening tools are used by professionals to detect and prioritize potentially problematic issues. In conjunction with appropriate clinician training, these tools have improved clinician screening rates in several areas of adolescent health.