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Best Practice During Teleconsultations With Adolescents: A Scoping Review

      Abstract

      Purpose

      Teleconsultations are increasingly used to deliver health care, yet guidance on how to maximize health outcomes and ensure the quality and rights-based principles of adolescent health care during teleconsultations is lacking. This scoping review synthesized the literature on teleconsultations with adolescents, with the objective of informing a practical guidance for healthcare professionals.

      Methods

      Eight databases were searched to identify articles published between 2010 and 2020 in English, French, or Spanish that provided evidence or guidance on synchronous teleconsultations with 10- to 19-year-olds. Web sites in six high-income countries and six low- to middle-income countries were also searched and a Google search was conducted. Data were analyzed using narrative synthesis.

      Results

      Of 59 total references, 51 were from high-income countries. References included primary research (n = 21), reviews (n = 13), clinical guidance (n = 9), case reports (n = 9), commentaries (n = 6), and a website (n = 1). Just under half (46%) were descriptive, qualitative, or expert opinion. The main focus was mental health and behavioral disorders.

      Discussion

      Good evidence on the complexities of conducting teleconsultations with adolescents is lacking. Questions remain regarding the scope and acuity of health issues for which teleconsultations are appropriate, their role in overcoming or contributing to inequalities, and the practicalities of conducting consultations.

      Keywords

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