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Predictors of Cigarette Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: A Systematic Review

      Abstract

      Purpose

      To update a systematic review published in 2012 that identified predictors of cigarette smoking cessation among adolescents.

      Methods

      The PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for relevant articles published between September 2010 and January 2018, using the following keywords: smoking OR tobacco OR cessation; quit OR stop; longitudinal OR prospective OR cohort. Our search identified 3,399 articles. Inclusion criteria included longitudinal studies (intervention and cohort studies) evaluating cigarette smoking cessation in young people (aged 10–24 years). After screening, in total, 34 articles were included in the review.

      Results

      In total, 63 predictors of smoking cessation among adolescents were identified, with 36 new predictors that were not identified in the previous review: nine sociodemographic factors, 13 psychosocial factors, five behavioral factors, 19 social influences factors, eight smoking related variables, six environmental factors, 2 health related variables, and one genetic factor.

      Conclusions

      To increase the probability of successful smoking cessation, strategies targeting young smokers should consider both individual and environmental predictors of cessation.

      Keywords

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