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The Effect of a School-Based Intervention on Sunbed Use in Danish Pupils at Continuation Schools: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

      Abstract

      Purpose

      To examine the effect of an educational intervention on sunbed use and intentions and attitudes toward sunbed use in 14- to 18-year-olds at continuation schools.

      Methods

      We randomized 33 continuation schools either to receive the educational intervention (n = 16) or to be controls (n = 17). Intervention schools received an e-magazine addressing the health risks of sunbed use. Information on behavior and intentions and attitudes toward sunbed use was gathered through self-administrated questionnaires before the intervention and at 6 months as a follow-up. The effect of the intervention was examined by multilevel linear regression and logistic regression.

      Results

      Sunbed use was significantly lower at follow-up among pupils at intervention schools versus pupils at control schools (girls: odds ratio .60, 95% confidence interval .42–.86; Boys: odds ratio .58, 95% confidence interval .35–.96). The intervention had no effect on intention to use sunbeds or attitudes toward sunbed use. The analyses revealed a significant impact of school on attitudes toward sunbed; the intraclass correlation coefficient was estimated to be 6.0% and 7.8% for girls and boys, respectively.

      Conclusions

      The findings from the present study provide new evidence of a positive effect of an educational intervention on sunbed use among pupils aged 14–18 years at continuation schools.

      Keywords

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